This section focuses on the tools to monitor and support the implementation of a balanced bioeconomy. It describes methods for monitoring, looks at how each individual tool can be used to contribute to a sustainable bioeconomy as well as presents the core challenges and limitations. Overall, we make the argument that a bundle of tools are needed to provide the systemic perspective essential to a sustainable bioeconomy transition. Key indicators, benchmarks and case studies are showcased.
Monitoring is needed to assess the contribution of the bioeconomy to meeting sustainability goals.